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Poland Sequence

Poland Sequence is a congenital error in the development of the chest wall and upper limb that results in an abnormally developed chest region.

Poland Sequence results in the following to varying degrees of severity:

  • Partial or complete absence of the pectoralis major muscle
  • Absence of other muscles associated with the shoulder girdle
  • Asymmetry in breast and nipple position
  • Finger anomalies

Poland Sequence Technique

The goal of Poland sequence surgery is to restore the missing anatomy (Pectoralis) on the chest wall. This can achieved with custom-made implants or the patient’s own tissue.

Common Concerns

The procedure will be illustrated in detail and you will be given a detailed instruction sheet on expected post-operative course and potential complications during your consultation with Dr Jack Zoumaras.

It is recommended that you are a stable weight for at least 3-6 months to obtain the best possible results.

It is advised to stop smoking at least 6 weeks before and after surgery.

As Seen On

Plastic Surgeon Appeared in 7 News | Dr Jack Zoumaras
Plastic Surgeon Appeared in Cosmopolitan | Dr Jack Zoumaras
Plastic Surgeon Appeared in Marie Claire | Dr Jack Zoumaras
Plastic Surgeon Appeared in Vogue | Dr Jack Zoumaras
Plastic Surgeon Appeared in Woman's Day | Dr Jack Zoumaras
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    Results vary and are illustrated as a guide only. Any surgical or invasive procedure carries risks. These risks will be discussed with you in detail. A second opinion is beneficial and advised.

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