Plastic Surgery is invasive and has risks.

Plastic Surgery is invasive and has risks.

Understanding the Science of Facial Ageing: What Happens to Our Skin as We Get Older?

Have you started noticing the gradual changes in your face as you journey beyond 40? You’re definitely not alone. The loss of skin firmness, the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles, and sagging skin are all common signs of skin ageing. 

In this blog, Artiste Plastic Surgery will discuss the skin ageing process, its causes, prevention and how cosmetic surgery, such as a facelift, can help turn back the clock and make you look younger. 

The Skin Ageing Process

Understanding the Science of Facial Ageing

Our face has five layers, such as skin, fat, Superficial Musculoaponeurotic System (SMAS), ligaments, and bone. As we age, these layers can show signs of ageing at different rates.

Over time, some layers, such as the skin, may display early signs of skin ageing and develop wrinkles. Others show structural ageing in the SMAS, resulting in the appearance of nasolabial folds and heavy jowls. The layer of fat, which is more prominent in the cheeks, can diminish, leading to a loss of volume. 

The ligaments, which hold the upper layers in place, can weaken due to wear and tear. Additionally, the underlying bone may shrink gradually, resulting in the descent of the upper facial layers. This, combined with factors like repetitive movements, sun damage, smoking, environmental influences, and genetics, can lead to loose skin, visible shadows, and the development of jowls.

It’s important to note that the ageing process is unique to each individual, and different layers may show signs of ageing at different times and to varying degrees.

Causes of Wrinkles and Sagging Skin

  • Decreased Collagen and Elastin: Collagen and elastin are proteins responsible for maintaining skin elasticity and firmness. As we age, the production of these proteins decreases, leading to the development of wrinkles and sagging.
  • Loss of Hyaluronic Acid: Hyaluronic acid is a substance that helps the skin retain moisture and plumpness. With age, the levels of hyaluronic acid decline, resulting in drier and less supple skin.
  • Environmental factors: Pollution, sun damage, and unhealthy lifestyle choices can generate free radicals in the body. These harmful molecules cause oxidative stress, leading to accelerated ageing and damage to the skin cells.

3 Tips to Prevent and Reduce Signs of Ageing

While we can’t entirely stop the natural ageing process, there are steps we can take to slow it down and reduce the visible signs of ageing. 

  • Protect Your Skin from the Sun: UV rays can cause significant damage to the skin. Protect yourself by wearing sunscreen with a high SPF, using protective clothing, and seeking shade when the sun is at its strongest.
  • Adopt a Healthy Lifestyle: A well-balanced diet rich in antioxidants, vitamins, and minerals can help nourish your skin from within. Stay hydrated, exercise regularly, and avoid smoking and excessive alcohol consumption, as they can accelerate the ageing process.
  • Establish a Skincare Routine: Cleanse, moisturise, and exfoliate your skin regularly to maintain its health and vitality. Look for skincare products containing ingredients like retinol, hyaluronic acid, and antioxidants, which can help reduce the signs of ageing.

How Can Facelift Surgery Address Skin Ageing?

For those seeking more dramatic results, a facelift surgery can be an effective option. The procedure involves lifting and tightening the underlying facial tissues, removing excess skin, and repositioning it to create a youthful appearance. It is a popular choice for individuals looking to address signs of ageing skin such as deep wrinkles, sagging skin, and loss of facial volume. 

Explore Natural-Looking Facelifts with Artiste Plastic Surgery

If you’re thinking about getting a facelift surgery in the Sydney area, don’t hesitate to get in touch with Artiste Plastic Surgery. Dr Jack Zoumaras, our Specialist Plastic Surgeon, has a deep understanding of the anatomy of skin ageing and has produced natural-looking facelift results.

Discover all the valuable information about facelifts in his latest book, ‘The Art of a Facelift,’ or take the first step in your facelift journey by booking a consultation with us today.

Disclaimer: At Artiste Plastic Surgery, our Plastic Surgeons led by Dr Jack Zoumaras have been trained to the highest possible degree. All surgery has risks and it is always advised to get a second opinion. Risks are very real and we cannot guarantee any result. Results are illustrated as a guide only. All risks are managed and any need for revision surgery or complications (1-5%) can be managed by our specialist plastic surgeons.

Any statements on how you will feel is based on Level V Evidence:

Level V:  How you will feel after plastic surgery varies between individuals, depending on psychological and physical factors. Our internal research is based on how patients in our practice feel after surgery.

The blogs are not a substitute for a medical consultation and do not form as part of the doctor to patient relationship.


Why Your Neck May Appear to Age Faster than Your Face

Ageing is a natural process that affects every part of our body. However, if you’ve ever noticed that your neck seems to be ageing faster than your face, you’re not

Benefits of Asian Eyelid Surgery

Asian eyelid surgery, often referred to as double eyelid surgery, is a popular cosmetic procedure that many individuals opt for to improve the appearance of their eyes. This surgical technique


Artiste Plastic Surgery is an Award Winning Specialist Plastic Surgery practice led by internationally trained Dr. Jack Zoumaras, Plastic Surgeon and Peer Reviewed Face Surgeon

Artiste offers the latest Cosmetic Surgical Procedures of the Face, Breast and Body, inspired from leading centres around the world.


Enter your email address below to receive updates on new articles and VIP access to promotions and special offers.


Book a Consultation

Feel free to complete the form or to contact us:

  • Drop files here or
    Accepted file types: jpg, gif, png, pdf, Max. file size: 20 MB, Max. files: 10.